Water of Fire: On Rainbows & Hexagrams
As readers are doubtless aware, California is presently beset with epic drought conditions. Meanwhile, as I write this, the Midwest was racked with another round of severe thunderstorms, several of which spawned tornados, and many of which exacerbated flood conditions in any areas already experiencing their wettest June on record.
What might a person of synchromystic turn of mind make of the conjunction of such pressing news items as drought-plagued Golden State and rain-soaked “heartland”? A rough starting place would be to explore the age-old juxtaposition of the primal elements fire and water. Amongst the many representations of the symbolical union of these two primal elements in the occult, two stand out.
The first notable fire-water combination is the rainbow.
(Still frame from Stanley Kubrick’s Eyes Wide Shut, Warner Bros., 1999.)
Aleister Crowley associates the Zodiacal fire “triplicity” water of fire with the: “Rainbow – fading spiritualized reflection of the Image.”
In some forms of Buddhism: “The rainbow …is the pathway that separates the supernal and the sacred realms from the mundane and the profane. …[T]he rainbow is …the Pathway of the Gods…”.
“[T]he seven colours of the rainbow-staircase are assimilated to the seven directions of space. The ascent of the rainbow stairway is symbolically equivalent to the seven steps taken by the Buddha at his nativity.. It is a progress through the six directions back to the seventh ‘direction’, the dimensionless and spaceless point of Unity; it is a return to the hub of the six-spoked Wheel of the World; it is a transcendence of the spatial condition. The Buddha’s descent of the rainbow-staircase, coming down from the celestial spheres to the world of men, is yet another expression of the genesis of the spatio-temporal world from its Principle; it is a descent from the point-summit of the universe into the world of spatial and temporal differentiation.”
This Buddhist “pathway” has an analog in the so-called “rainbow bridge” of Norse mythology – and “blockbuster” Marvel movies.
Is there a multi-colored game afoot? Is Roy G. Biv a servant of God or of the Devil?
On the one hand, the Biblical book of Genesis relates that God said: “This is the sign of the covenant I am making between me and you and every living creature with you, a covenant for all generations to come: I have set my rainbow in the clouds, and it will be the sign of the covenant between me and the earth. Whenever I bring clouds over the earth and the rainbow appears in the clouds, I will remember my covenant between me and you and all living creatures of every kind. Never again will the waters become a flood to destroy all life. Whenever the rainbow appears in the clouds, I will see it and remember the everlasting covenant between God and all living creatures of every kind on the earth.” So God said to Noah, “This is the sign of the covenant I have established between me and all life on the earth.”
“[T]he bow is the symbol of fate. As a rainbow, it displays the will of God himself in religious mysticism.”
On the other hand, according to the Jewish website Chabad.org: “[T]he rainbow is a sign that mankind is sinning… [A] generation that never sees a rainbow is on an especially high level of spirituality and righteous conduct.”
As just outlined, the rainbow’s biblical history is bound up with a cataclysmic flood. “As a result of the moral decay of the generation, 1,656 years after the world was created, G‑d flooded the world and destroyed it. The only survivors of the Flood were Noah, his family and the animals that were on the ark with them.”
The New Testament book of Second Peter tells us that, in the future, things will end differently. “But the day of the Lord will come like a thief. The heavens will disappear with a roar; the elements will be destroyed by fire, and the earth and everything done in it will be laid bare.”
One subcurrent to the rainbow theme that is relevant to the question of sin is the sexual aspect of all of this.
For example, “[t]he powerful Voodoo god, Dan …is generally depicted in Benin in the shape of a serpent biting its tail [i.e., as an alchemical ouroboros]. It is …assimilated to the rainbow and is regarded as a doubly bisexual being since it is its own twin, the two in one, ‘coiled in a spiral round the world which they preserve from disintegration.’”
(Rainbow serpent Dan.)
Maybe the Nordic “Bifröst” should be pronounced with an emphasis on the “bi.”
This sexual dimension comes to the forefront in the “gay rights movement.” (See below for a discussion of how the phrase the “gay science” was previously used as a synonym for alchemy.)
One of the centerpiece symbols in alchemy is the "rebis." Literally, the word designates a "dual" or "double thing." Maybe we could say a "bi thing"? It is a representation of the androgyne ("man-woman"), called the "bisexual man" by James Shelby Downard. The presentation of alchemical rainbows follow, therefore, closely upon the elevation of the transsexual poster-androgyne, Bruce (alias "Caitlyn") Jenner.
According to the relevant Wikipedia article the so-called “Rainbow Flag”: “…commonly the gay pride flag and LGBT pride flag, is a symbol of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) pride and LGBT social movements.”
The second fire-water symbol is the hexagram.
“The hexagram consists of two equilateral triangles with the same centre but pointing in opposite directions, usually upwards and downwards. …The downward-pointing and upward-pointing triangles …symbolize the sexual union of the female and male principles, of Śakti and Śiva, of water and fire.”
As indicated in the above paragraph, the hexagram occurs in Eastern religions such as Buddhism and Hinduism. The primary significance of the hexagram is arguably Jewish-Kabbalistic. (More on Judaism, below.) However, there is a related (and possibly derivative) line in alchemy.
“In alchemy, the two triangles of the hexagram …represent the union of fire and water.”
However, the rainbow also has its place in the alchemical tradition. “The rainbow is …symbolical of …[a particular] stage in the alchemical process. At a certain period, as a result of putrefaction, there is observed a phenomenon of many-coloured lights…”. “A rainbow of colors appeared in the alchemist’s flask.”
(From Kenneth Anger's [born Kenneth Wilbur Anglemyer] Lucifer Rising, 1972.
Crowley associates the Alchemical rainbow with “[t]he ‘coat of many colours’ said to have been worn by Joseph and Jesus, in the ancient legends…”.
As with the rainbow, the hexagram has sexual undertones. The upwards-pointing triangle is said to symbolize the active, male generative organ, the phallus; the downwards-pointing triangle supposedly represents the passive, female receptive organ, the womb. Anyone familiar with Dan Brown’s Da Vinci Code novel, or its big screen adaptation, will recall the importance of the “blade” and “chalice” to the “Holy Grail”-themed plot.
For that matter, alchemy itself is thoroughly shot-through with the psychosexual if not the explicitly sex-magical. In The Path of Alchemy, Mark Stavish writes that “The ‘gay science’ is an ancient name for alchemy.”
Following the visionary thinker James Shelby Downard, revisionist historian and writer Michael Hoffman has pointed out that alchemy comes in two “types.” On the one hand, there is an ersatz, exoteric, lead-into-gold variety. On the other hand, there is a genuine, esoteric, man-into-“superman” variety.
“By way of illustrating [this latter form of] human alchemy let us recall that Friedrich Neitzsche popularized the nickname for alchemy, the ‘gay science.’ In 1996, according to Pew Research, 65% of the American public opposed homosexual ‘marriage.’ …Pew reports that [by] 2012 only 44% of the American people oppose[d] homosexual marriage. …[T]here is no question that in a mere 16 years homosexual marriage has gained acceptance among an increasing number of Americans. The ‘gay science’ marches on and manages to process Americans away from a bedrock of Christian civilization.”
It is worth pointing out that, “[i]n alchemy, the ‘first matter,’ the substance from which the Philosopher’s Stone is created, or even the stone itself …[is] the Prima Materia[,] …the material beginning and end of all things.” Wouldn’t you know it? According to Martino Rulando, in his Lexicon Alchemie Sive Dictionarivm Alchemisticvm (“Lexicon of Alchemy or Dictionary of Alchemy,” 1612) one of the fifty “alternate names for the Prima Materia” was “The Rainbow – on account of its colors.”
The rainbow theme also surfaces in Freemasonry. Notables here would include an appendant body called the “Royal Ark Mariners.”
Additionally, there is the Masonic youth group known as the International Order of Rainbow Girls.
The rainbow shows up on several Masonic “tracing boards” and “aprons.” For example, one website selling the “George Washington Apron” notes that said smock represents the prominent arch as a stylized rainbow. “The rainbow is sometimes associated with the Royal Arch. It is also part of the architectural arch, being the 9th arch under Solomon’s Temple. It is supported by two Pillars.”
A further question is what, if anything, do rainbows have to do with hexagrams? Can these symbolic threads be woven together? Is there a nexus at which the two strands meet?
One possible answer is that the symbolism of rainbows and hexagrams intersect in the religion of Judaism or in the persons of various Jews. On the idea of religious intersection, consider two points.
Firstly, rainbows have a significance in Judaism beyond the minimal “sin symbol” noted above. Blogger Maurice Pinay informs us that “[t]he rainbow is the symbol of the Noachide movement – the movement to bring humanity under a rabbinic system of double standards called ‘Noachide Law’ enforced by subsidiary courts of a Sanhedrin based in Jerusalem.
“From Chabad Lubavitch website, noahide.org: ‘The Seven Noachide laws are general commandments with many details. Transgressing any one of them is considered such a breach in the natural order that the offender incurs the death penalty. Apart from a few exceptions, the death sentence for a Ben Noach is Sayif, death by the sword / decapitation, the least painful of the four modes of execution of criminals. (The four methods of capital punishment in Torah are: S’kilah - Stoning; S’rifah - Burning; Hereg - Decapitation; Henek - Strangulation.) The many formalities of procedure essential when the accused is an Israelite need not be observed in the case of the Noachite. The latter may be convicted on the testimony of one witness, even on that of relatives, but not on that of a woman. He need have had no warning from the witnesses; and a single judge may pass sentence on him.’”
Secondly, the rainbow and hexagram symbols actually dovetail. This is suggested pictographically. Consider that, under at least one representation, “[t]he rainbow relaes to …spatial symbolism by way of its seven colours, or, more precisely, its six colours and white. …Placed on the circumference of a circle the three primaries will be found at the three points of an equilateral triangle; the three complementaries will be at the points of a second triangle which is the reverse of the first, in such a way that each primary colour is placed at a diametrically opposed position to its complementary… [T]he seven colours form a wheel with six spokes, which is the two-dimensional equivalent of a three-dimensional cross having six branches emanating from a centre. In this way the colours correspond to the seven directions of space.”
As to the notion that the rainbow and hexagram merge in a more personal way, we remind readers that the rainbows springing up like weeds nowadays are related to the decision by the U.S. Supreme Court to legalize “same sex marriage.” Interestingly, despite the fact that Jews, statistically, are supposed to comprise only 2.5 percent of the U.S. population, Jewish justices make up 33% of the “Supremes.” Leaving aside the very important discussion concerning the genetic differences between Ashkenazi (who are probably descended from a tribe of Asiatic Turks known as “Khazars”) and Sephardic Jews, the received view is that Justices Stephen Breyer, Ruth Bader Ginsburg and Elena Kagan are all ethnically Jewish.
 Readers should keep in mind the preoccupation of alchemy with gold. To your appetites, see John Matson, “Fact or Fiction?: Lead Can Be Turned into Gold, Particle Accelerators Make Possible the Ancient Alchemist’s Dream – But at a Steep Cost,” Scientific American, Jan. 31, 2014, <http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/fact-or-fiction-lead-can-be-turned-into-gold/>. For more on alchemy see Jim Brandon, “Neil Armstrong: Astronaut …or Alchemist?” Bell Curve [weblog], Dec. 11, 2012, <http://curveofbell.blogspot.com/2012/12/neil-armstrong-astronaut-or-alchemist.html> and “Speculation and Reflection on Chess,” Bell Curve [weblog], Jul. 24, 2013, <http://curveofbell.blogspot.com/2013/07/speculation-and-reflection-on-chess.html>.
 As an additional “sync,” I note that USA Today reported on a fire at a water park. Jane Onyanga-Omara, “More than 500 Injured in Fire at Taiwan Water Park,” USA Today, Jun. 28, 2015, <http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2015/06/28/hundreds-injured-taiwan-party/29420041/>.
 The Book of Thoth, reprint ed., Stamford, Conn.: U.S. Games Sys., 1996, p. 286. Cf. ibid., p. 35. Elsewhere, by inference, Crowley associates the rainbow with the drunken ecstasy (which word derives from the Greek for “standing outside of oneself”) of the Fool. See ibid., p. 68.
 Adrian Snodgrass, The Symbolism of the Stupa, Ithaca, N.Y.: Southeast Asia Program Publications; Cornell Univ., 1985, p. 289. “To the Khmer, the nāga was ‘the symbol of the rainbow, regarded as the magic bridge giving entry to the abode of the gods.’” Jean Chevalier and Alain Gheerbrant, The Penguin Dictionary of Symbols [PDS], John Buchanan-Brown, transl., reprint ed., New York: Penguin, 1997, p. 691.
 Except for the extraneous “V” – a symbol that represents, variously Venus and vaginas (or wombs) – the letters R-O-Y-G-B-I are an anagram for “Bi Orgy.” Doubtless this is a coinkydink.
 The Holy Bible, Book of Genesis, chapt. 9, verses 12-17. “Guénon has drawn attention to the importance of the way in which the rainbow complements the Ark by appearing over it as a sign of the ‘covenant.’” PDS, p. 42.
 PDS, p. 115.
 Mendy Kaminker, “What is the Significance of a Rainbow in Judaism?” Chabad, <http://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/2770455/jewish/What-Is-the-Significance-of-a-Rainbow-in-Judaism.htm>; citing Likutei Sichot vol. 35, Noah III. Kaminker adds that “The Zohar [she refers to vol. 1, 72:2] says that before the Messiah comes, an especially bright and colorful rainbow will appear.” For more on several Jewish angles, see further on.
Of possible interest is the remark of the mysterious – although some would say the literally incredible – John Todd. Todd, who alleged that he had been raised in a family of occultists, once remarked that, amongst practitioners of various “black arts”: “…Lucifer is [known as] the god of the rainbow. …And if you’ll read Ezekiel 28, you’ll find out [that] he is. He does kind of radiate like a rainbow. He’s covered with different colored jewels and so on.” (Listen beginning between 5:19-28.) A quick review of the cited passage in the Old Testament book of the prophet Ezekiel reveals that the jewels at issue include carnelian [reddish-brown], chrysolite [yellow] and emerald [green], topaz [red, yellow, gray, reddish-orange, or blue-brown], onyx [black] and jasper [red, yellow, brown or green], lapis lazuli [dark blue], turquoise [greenish blue] and beryl [colorless]. (Bracketed information comes from the top hits of various Google searches on strings such as “what color is [stone type]?”)
Also accruing to the “shadow side” of rainbow lore must be the statements of “serial” (cereal) killers Herman Mudgett and Anders Breivik. For Mudget – alias H. H. Holmes – murder was like “the seeking of buried treasure at the rainbow’s end.” (<http://murderpedia.org/male.H/h/holmes.htm>. For Breivik’s part (and he is technically classified as a mass murderer rather than a “serial” one), one website relates that “The defendant [Breivik] is of the opinion that Norwegian culture has been destroyed by the Marxists through a Marxist cultural revolution. The curriculum of Norwegian schools supports this. Songs such as ‘Children of the Rainbow’.” (<http://murderpedia.org/male.B/b/breivik-anders-judgment.htm>.)
Some esoteric "adepts" try, through several means - often having to do with sex-magic - to manifest an spirit or "rainbow body." "Tibetan systems run somewhere between the Chinese and Indian, in that they are concerned with liberation, but also with the creation of an etherial body made from their bodily essences. This Diamond Body, or Rainbow Body, is pure light and can materialize at the will of the adept. Like the Chinese and Indian systems, the Tibetan system uses rituals for the purification of the mind and emotions of the practitioners, as well as the visual images in both anthropomorphic deities and abstract geometric forms. The Rituals of the Pentagram and Hexagram fulfill this function when performing the Middle Pillar." Mark Stavish, "Secret Fire: The Relationship Between Kundalini, Kabbalah, and Alchemy," Hermetic [dot] com, Mar. 11, 1997, (<http://hermetic.com/stavish/essays/secret-fire.html>.).
A final “satanic” aspect of the rainbow is its association with the chameleon. “Since the chameleon ‘has been given every color’,” certain tribes like the Dogon – important in the lore of the star Sirius – “associate it [i.e., the chameleon] with the rainbow, the path from Earth to Heaven.” PDS, p. 181. Interestingly, as Michael Hoffman has pointed out, the separation of heaven and earth was effected by means of Cronus-Saturn’s (i.e., Satan’s) “fateful sickle.” Michael A. Hoffman II, Secret Societies and Psychological Warfare, Coeur d'Alene, Idaho: Independent History and Research, 2001, p. 31
According to Crowley, however, the rainbow can be “pierced.” “[T]he occult significance of Sagittarius is the arrow piercing the rainbow; the last three paths of the Tree of Life make the word Qeseth, a rainbow, and Sagittarius bears the arrow which pierces the rainbow…”. Op. cit., p. 101.
 2 Peter 3:10, New Intl. Vers. For related information touching on “fire and ice,” see “Hercules (and his Twin),” Bell Curve [weblog], Oct. 8, 2012, <http://curveofbell.blogspot.com/2012/10/hercules-and-his-twin.html>.
 PDS, p. 909. There is another interesting voodoo tie in. “In his books The Serpent and the Rainbow ([New York: Simon and Schuster,] 1985) and [Passage of Darkness:] The Ethnobiology of the Haitian Zombie ([Chapel Hill, N.C.: Univ. of N.C. Press,] 1988), [Canadian anthropologist Wade] Davis not only gives his readers the components of zombification but also outlines his theories on why such a horrifying act exists: Making a zombie is a very effective method of capital punishment. …[T]he members of the secret Maroon societies used zombification – or the threat of it – to control first the slaves then the superstitious Haitian citizens. Davis’s conclusions have been clouded by allegations of farud and questions about his sensational, rather than scientific, approach. The Serpent and the Rainbow movie, starring Bill Pullman and directed by Wes Craven, opened in 1988.” Rosemary Guiley, The Encyclopedia of Magic and Alchemy, New York: Facts on File; Infobase Publ., 2006, p. 347.
Hence, the rainbow symbol arguably fits in with the so-called “Zombie culture.” “You probably know that zombies are popular right now. You might not know just how outrageously, staggeringly, mindblowingly popular they happen to be. Zombies are the undisputed king of all genres. Not only do they top bestseller lists and video games and the iPad, the undead dominate television, too. The Walking Dead attracts somewhere between three to four times the viewers of Mad Men on a typical night. And this week, World War Z arrives in theaters – the Brad Pitt adaptation of the bestselling novel. It will complete the zombie apocalypse. They are now, officially, everywhere.” (Stephen Marche, “Why Zombies Are Everywhere Now,” Esquire, Jun. 19, 2013, <http://www.esquire.com/entertainment/movies/a23139/why-zombies-are-everywhere/>.)
 This is also mentioned in “The ‘Gospel of Judas’ and ‘Yezidism’ (‘Yazidism’),” Bell Curve [weblog], Aug. 20, 2012, <http://bellofchurch.blogspot.com/2012/08/the-gospel-of-judas-and-yezidism.html>.
 “Rainbow flag (LGBT movement),” Wikipedia, Jun. 29, 2015, <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rainbow_flag_%28LGBT_movement%29>. The flag, as designed by American artist Gilbert Baker, originally “had eight colors, each with a symbolic meaning: Hot Pink: sexuality[,] Red: life[,] Orange: healing[,] Yellow: sunlight[,] Green: nature[,] Turquoise: magic/art[,] Blue: serenity/harmony[,] Violet: spirit[.]” “Gilbert Baker (artist),” Wikipedia, May 21, 2015, <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilbert_Baker_%28artist%29>. A caption on the same page (ibid.) reads: “The six-colour version of the pride flag is the most commonly used version. The original version from 1978 had two additional stripes – hot pink and turquoise which were removed due to manufacturing needs.” If this information is accurate, it is noteworthy that the two omitted colors, considered jointly, exemplify sex-magic – which is precisely the esoteric meaning of the alchemical magnum opus (“great work”).
As an aside, Gilbert Baker “designed the rainbow flag …in San Francisco in 1978.” So the rainbow flag first appeared in the now drought-affected Golden State. He was said to have been born in Kansas, however – in the water-drenched Midwest. See “82 Interesting Facts About …LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender),” <http://facts.randomhistory.com/facts-about-lgbt.html>.
For more analogs to the “rainbow flag,” see Bob Schlenker, “Part 11 – The Sodomite Gateway – FedEx – Our Most Important Package is Yours,” Open Scroll Blog [weblog], Feb. 15, 2012, <http://theopenscroll.blogspot.com/2012/02/part-11-sodomite-gateway-fedex-our-most.html>.
 According to Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan, Judaism itself is an “Eastern religion.” “I think people often forget that Judaism is an Eastern religion. The prophets were really mystics.” Aryeh Kaplan, interviewed by Russell Barber, “Jewish Mysticism,” First Estate, WNBC-TV [New York Ciy], channel 4, 1979; archived online at <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WAB19Jyp1BA>.
 As I disclosed three years ago in the “Knight of Aurora-Athena,” Bell Curve [weblog], Jul. 28, 2012, <http://curveofbell.blogspot.com/2012/07/knight-of-aurora-athena.html>: “There are two traditional ways of preparing the Philosophers (sic.) Stone, the wet way and the dry way. The dry way takes only eight days using double philosophic mercury. ...Fragments from the writings of Heraclitus of Ephesus, a Greek philosopher who lived about 500BCE, suggest that the dry and wet methods have the same result: Pleasure of souls is to become wet | The dry soul is the best of all and the most wise | The way up and the way down are One and the same. The wet way, from Persia, is convenient because it only requires a simple flask, although it can take up to eighteen months to complete. …Preparing the Philosophers’ Stone by the wet method involves a number of stages. The first three of these stages are: 1. Prepare the Secret Fire, a nitrate catalyst. 2. Elicit and purify the white vapor of Mercury. 3. Dissolve the Sulphur and prepare the Philosophers’ Stone. …The ancient Egyptians reputedly used the dry method and called it the Saturn Regime. …The mineral of lead is certainly appropriate for the Saturn Regime or Dry Method. …Shakespeare concealed Portia, the Virgin of the Merchant of Venice, in lead.” Stuart Nettleton, The Alchemy Key: Unraveling the Single Tangible Secret in All Mysteries, Sydney, Australia: privately publ.,  2002, pp. 201, 202-203 and 210; archived online at <http://www.hermetics.org/pdf/alchemy/Alchemy_Key.pdf>.
 Bühnemann, op. cit., p. 44, n. 75.
 It is apparent that the alchemical rainbow is itself a symbolic bridge. The rainbow symbol is a gateway to such other, now-prevalent symbols as the aurora, the peacock and winter.
“The rainbow of colors seen in the Peacock’s Tail gradually merged together into pure whiteness. …Symbolism of the Peacock’s Tail includes a rainbow appearing in the dark clouds of a thunderstorm, the bursting forth of the colors of spring after the darkness of winter, and the colors of the Aurora Borealis (Northern Lights) gleaming against the night sky.” Dennis William Hauck, The Complete Idiot's Guide to Alchemy, New York: Alpha Books, 2008, p. 151.)
As I have sketched elsewhere, the peacock is also associated with Satan. See “The ‘Gospel of Judas’ and ‘Yezidism’ (‘Yazidism’),” Church Bell, Aug. 20, 2012, <http://bellofchurch.blogspot.com/2012/08/the-gospel-of-judas-and-yezidism.html>. NBC’s logo is a rainbow peacock.
Although I have touched upon the winter symbol complex in such places as “47 (Or How Romney Lords It over Inferior Fools with Euclidean I-Ching),” Bell Curve [weblog], Sept. 18, 2012, <http://curveofbell.blogspot.com/2012/09/47-or-how-romney-lords-it-over-inferior.html> and, with Jim Brandon , “Re: ‘Alias St. Nick’,” Bell Curve [weblog], <http://curveofbell.blogspot.com/2013/12/re-alias-st-nick.html>; it deserves a fuller treatment. For instance, in the popular “Game of Thrones” cable television series, adapted from George R. R. Martin’s A Song of Ice and Fire, the phrase “Winter is Coming” is the motto of the House of Stark. The “stark” name also occurs in the Marvel Avenger’s orbit, being the surname of “Iron Man” (Tony Stark). For a startling, side-by-side comparison of Tony’s father, Howard Stark, with the real life Jet Propulsion Lab-cofounder Jack Parsons, see “Shuttling Symbols,” Bell Curve [weblog], Oct. 14, 2012, <http://curveofbell.blogspot.com/2012/10/shuttling-symbols.html>. Of course, if one is cataloging recent items, one should not forget to list Captain America: The Winter Soldier. Apparently there is a new tv show titled “Winter.” For something a bit more historical, one might note the Russian Winter Palace.
On Auroras, see for example “Aurora Rising (Aurora Consurgens), Part 1,” Bell Curve [weblog], Aug. 30, 2012, <http://curveofbell.blogspot.com/2012/08/aurora-rising-aurora-consurgens-part-1.html> and Loren Coleman, “Aurora: Synchromystic Wonderland,” Twilight Language [weblog], Jul. 25, 2012, <http://copycateffect.blogspot.com/2012/07/aurora-synchro.html>.
 Crowley, op. cit., p. 103. He further wrote: “In this card [i.e., Trump 14, ‘Art’], therefore, is foreshadowed the final stage of the Great Work. Behind the figure, its edges tinged with the rainbow, which has now arisen from the twin rainbows forming the cape of the figure, is a glory bearing the inscription Visita Interiora Terrae Rectificando Invenies Occultum Lapidem. ‘Visit the interior parts of the earth: by rectification thou shalt find the hidden stone.’ Its initials make the word V.I.T.R.I.O.L., the Universal Solvent…”. Ibid., pp. 103-104.
 Nettleton, op. cit., p. 13.
 Ibid. Crowley refers the reader back to his discussion of “Au 0, the Motley of the Green Man, Dreamer-Redeemer.” Ibid.
 Mark Stavish, The Path of Alchemy: Energetic Healing and the World of Natural Magic, Woodbury, Minn.: Llewellyn Publ., 2006, appendix c, p. 204, n. 12.
 Nietzsche also popularized the idea of a “superman,” in the relevant sense.
 Michael Hoffman, “Of Human Alchemy and the Gay Science,” Revisionist Review [weblog], Aug. 4, 2012, <http://revisionistreview.blogspot.com/2012/08/of-human-alchemy-and-gay-science.html>.
 Guiley, op. cit., pp. 261 and 262.
For information on a possible link between Freemasonry and the "homosexual movement," see "Freemasonry's Connection To The Homosexual Movement," <http://www.home60515.com/23.html>.
There are numerous other associations. For example, in Ancient Greek mythology, “Iris was the goddess of the rainbow, the messenger of the Olympian gods. …Her name contains a double meaning, being connected both with iris, ‘the rainbow,’ and eiris, ‘messenger.’” “Iris,” Theoi, <http://www.theoi.com/Pontios/Iris.html>. See also “Tony Scott, Etc.,” Bell Curve [weblog], Aug. 21, 2012, <http://curveofbell.blogspot.com/2012/08/tony-scott-etc.html>.
Or again, there is a rainbow in the back of Albrecht Dürer’s celebrated 16th-century engraving, Melancholia I. For more on this, see Frances Amelia Yates, The Occult Philosophy in the Elizabethan Age, reprint ed., London and New York: Routledge, 2001.
 For those who think that it is absurd to view symbols in this way, see Albert Mackey who, in his Encyclopedia of Freemasonry, likens the rainbow to a masonic handshake. “The Hebrew word oth, is frequently used in Scripture to signify a sign or memorial of something past, some covenant made or promise given. Thus God says to Noah, of the rainbow, ‘it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth’; and to Abraham he says of circumcision, ‘it shall be a token of the covenant betwixt me and you.’ In Freemasonry, the grip of recognition is called a token, because it is an outward sign of the covenant of friendship and fellowship entered into between the members of the Fraternity, and is to be considered as a memorial of that covenant which was made, when it was first received by the candidate, between him and the Order into which he was then initiated.”
For more on how symbols are used to bamboozle non-initiates, see Michael A Hoffman, Secret Societies and Psychological Warfare, Coeur d’Alene, Idaho: Independent History and Research, 2001 and “Are the Pyramid and All-Seeing Eye Symbols 'Masonic'?” Bell Curve [weblog] Jun. 6, 2015, <http://curveofbell.blogspot.com/2015/06/are-pyramid-and-all-seeing-eye-symbols.html>.
 Chabad’s website encourages the reader to “see the Rambam’s Hilchos Melachim 9:14.”
 Maurice Pinay, “The Real Dangers of the Rainbow,” MauricePinay [weblog], Jul. 30, 2007, <http://mauricepinay.blogspot.com/2007/07/real-hidden-dangers-of-rainbow.html>; reproducing an excerpt from “The Seven Laws of the Descendents of Noah,” Noahide [dot] org, <http://www.noahide.org/article.asp?Level=173&Parent=166>; citing Talmud tractate Sanhedrin, folios 57a and b and Maimonides, Hilchos Melakim, 9:14.
 “The six colours of the rainbow are the three primaries – red, yellow and blue – and the three complementaries – orange, purple and green.” Snodgrass, op. cit., p. 287.
 Snodgrass, op. cit., pp. 286-287.
 Alan M. Dershowitz calls this a “high estimate”: “…take a high estimate of Jews as 2.5 percent of the general U.S. population…”. (Alan M. Dershowitz, The Vanishing American Jew: In Search of Jewish Identity for the Next Century, Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 2000, p. 346, n. 22.)
 Patrick J. Buchanan, “Are Liberals Anti-WASP? If Kagan is Confirmed, the Court Will consist of 3 Jews and 6 Catholics,” WorldNetDaily, May 13, 2010, <http://www.wnd.com/2010/05/153417/>.